Your eyesight is a precious commodity.
If you are looking to keep your eyes healthy, then there are certain things that you need to do to ensure that. Here are a few ways you can do so.
- Eat healthy foods, especially ones that are colored orange. They are rich in vitamin A that is essential for good eyesight.
- Stop staring at the computer for too long
- Give your eyes some rest
- Sleep well
There are many more ways that you can keep your eyes healthy. Rather than go into the specifics, I would like to draw your attention to an article Dr Vivek Baliga published on how to keep your eyes healthy.
Take a look at it when you get a chance.
Our bones get thinner as we get older. Osteoporosis is a common problem that is faced by many, especially women in the post menopausal age group.
In this presentation, Dr Vivek Baliga discusses a simple test that helps determine the thickness of bones and whether they are prone to fracturing.
Take a look at the presentation below.
As is very evident from the presentation, bone thickness can be affected due to a number of reasons. Dr Vivek Baliga clearly explains what can be done to keep the bones healthy. In addition to this, he also talks about how a bone mineral density test is done and how useful it is in determining whether the bones are of normal thickness or whether they are thin and weak.
Bone fractures can be very painful, and Dr Vivek clearly describes how the BMD test can help detect bone thinning early. This will help you start treatment sooner rather than later.
In this presentation, Dr Vivek Baliga discusses chronic heart failure management in the setting of diabetes.
This is a medical presentation meant for medical professionals and not patients (feel free to go through it though!)
Dr Vivek Baliga is a consultant physician with a special interest in the management of diabetes and heart disease. He has a specialist interest in echocardiography and heart failure management.
Dr Vivek Baliga studied in the prestigious Manipal Academy of Higher Education where he completed his MBBS. Following this, he moved to the UK where he worked his medical rotation and post graduate training in various parts of England. He secured his MRCP and while training as a specialist registrar went on to complete his doctorate. During his time there, he was a part of numerous medical publications that you can find on Google Scholar by clicking here.
A keen businessman as well, Dr Vivek Baliga continued his education by pursuing an Masters in Business Administration from University of Phoenix, USA. He has trained in digital marketing including website designing and WordPress and is responsible for the development of not just this website but also his own website and blog HeartSense. HeartSense is an information portal offering free health related information to patients on health and heart disease. Dr Vivek Baliga is the author of almost all the articles on that site. Attached to the website is a shop that sells quality health care products. He runs the shop along with his wife who is a partner in HeartSense.
Dr Vivek has also completed the post graduate program in Cardiology from Johns Hopkins University with distinction. He has attended the Advanced certificate course in the management of Diabetes held by the Cleveland Clinic.
In addition to this, Dr Vivek Baliga is responsible for the publication of Sowkhya Magazine, of which he is the author. The magazine has been received well by readers and is currently in its 4th successful year. It boasts readership not only in India, but also in the USA, Singapore and other parts of the world.
Dr Vivek Baliga also writes academic articles, some of which you can find here.
Find Dr Vivek on LinkedIn here.
Blogger – Click here
Presentations by Dr Vivek – Click here
Frozen shoulder – do you suffer from this problem?
In our practice, we often see patients who complain of a painful shoulder joint, especially when they try to lift their arm up.
This limited movement of the shoulder is sometimes called a frozen shoulder. Here we discuss this condition in a bit more detail, touching up on what you can do to help relieve the pain.
What Is A Frozen Shoulder?
Frozen shoulder is also called ‘adhesive capsulitis’.
This literally means that the cartilage capsule in the shoulder that protects the joint is very sticky and does not allow for smooth movement.
The shoulder is basically stiff and painful and is limited in movement. This can no doubt have an impact on the patient’s ability to perform their daily tasks.
What Causes A Frozen Shoulder?
There are a number of different causes that have been identified that can lead to frozen shoulder. But before we do that, let’s take a quick look at the shoulder joint. Read more
If you are suffering from diabetes and have been taking treatment for it, you would know that missing meals or taking too much insulin or to many tablets can cause the blood sugar levels to drop to a dangerously low level. Such a situation is called hypoglycaemia. Hypoglycaemia requires urgent treatment as low blood sugar levels can have an impact on the functioning of the brain and other vital organ systems.
In this article, we shall briefly review the steps that patients must take in case they feel that their blood sugar levels are low or the reading on the glucometer demonstrates very low blood sugar levels. But before we discuss that, it is important to recognise what exactly hypoglycaemia is and what the symptoms that the patient experiences can be.
What is hypoglycaemia?
Hypoglycaemia is defined as a blood sugar level of less than 70 mg/dl on a fasting blood test. The normal blood glucose levels lie between 80 to 100 mg/dl. It is maintained at this level by the food that we eat at meal times and by the secretion of insulin from the pancreas into the bloodstream. In patients with diabetes, missing a meal can result in the blood sugar levels dropping remarkably low. In addition, if a patient misses a meal and still takes the medication required for diabetes such as tablets or insulin, this can drop the blood sugar levels dangerously low. This requires urgent treatment.
Chest pain is a common reason for patients to visit their doctor. Many a time they worry what might be the cause of the pain, and in particular worry whether it may be a heart attack.
This worry and anxiety is natural. It may be reassuring to know that not all chest pain is due to the heart, and there are a number of other causes as well. This sort of pain is called non cardiac chest pain. However, if you do suffer from chest pain, rather than think it could be due to these other causes, we STRONGLY RECOMMEND you see your doctor straight away for further advice.
Here are some points on how to manage acute chest pain.
Right, so lets see what the other causes for chest pain are. We will not be talking about heart attacks or heart related pain here.
1. Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (gastro = stomach, esophagus = food pipe), also called GERD, heartburn or acid reflux disease is the most common cause of non cardiac chest pain seen in clinical practice. Millions of people all over India and in the South Asian countries suffer from this condition. This is well recognised as one of the commonest causes of non-cardiac chest pain.
Patients with GERD often complain of chest pain behind the breast bone. The pain is typically ‘burning’ in nature, and patients state that they experience increased episodes of burping and ‘acid in the mouth’. Patients also tend to salivate more. The symptoms are worse after a heavy meal and when lying down flat. This history is fairly classic of this condition. Read more
Our body requires a number of different nutrients to function normally. Vitamin D is one such nutrient that has a variety of different functions in the body. Women (and men) in India are surprisingly low in Vitamin D levels. This can have detrimental effects on the body, and can affect your health in the long term.
Let’s take a brief look at why Vitamin D is essential, and how low levels can affect you.
What is Vitamin D?
Our body requires vitamins and minerals that ensure normal functioning of all the cells in the body. Vitamin D is what is called a ‘fat soluble’ vitamin, and forms an essential component of our bones. It plays an important role in the regulation of calcium and phosphate levels in the blood, and these are primary components of bones and teeth.
Once vitamin D is created in the body, it is converting into an active hormone in order to exert its benefits.
How can I get Vitamin D?
Vitamin D is primarily obtained from sunlight. Our skin absorbs the sunlight, and a series of different chemical reactions occur which ultimately results in the production of vitamin D. While a detailed discussion regarding how this occurs is out of the scope of this article, we thought we would include a diagram that illustrates this for those who love science!
One of the commonest reasons why patients come to our general medical clinic is fever. On questioning, many of them have a high fever for a day or two, that is associated with burning sensation when they pass urine. It is likely that the patient is suffering from an infection in the urine, commonly called UTI, or urinary tract infection.
Given how common this is, we thought we should briefly touch upon what a UTI is, and how it is treated.
What is a urinary tract infection?
A urinary tract infection refers to an infection that has affected the bladder or any other part of the urinary system. It is commoner in women when compared to men, and is often seen in older individuals.
What forms the urinary tract?
The urinary tract consists of the following –
Many of us enjoy a drink or two once in a while. It does not cause any harm, and can be rather relaxing after a long days work.
But alcohol bears the power of taking over your life – it can become an addiction to a point where it starts to exert its bad effects on different vital systems of the body. And the heart is one of them.
But how does alcohol effect the heart? Let’s take a look at this a bit further.
Effects of alcohol on the heart
Alcohol can affect the heart in a variety of ways, but most importantly it can increase the chances of developing different risk factors that lead to heart disease. Consuming alcohol in moderation is generally okay, but once it crosses a limit, it can start to have damaging effects. It is not possible to state in any way as to who may develop these harmful effects from alcohol, so the general recommendation from the American Heart Association is the not start drinking alcohol if you have never touched a drop before.
Some of the cardiovascular effects of drinking large amounts of alcohol include –
- Diabetes mellitus
- High blood pressure
- High blood triglyceride level (a type of fat in the blood similar to cholesterol)
- Weakening of the heart muscle called cardiomyopathy
- Weight gain and obesity
- Irregular heart rhythms such as atrial fibrillation
- Sudden cardiac death
It is evident that the long term effects are many, and with continuing high consumption of alcohol, death is inevitable at a young age. Read more